ABC’s to your CBD: Your General Glossary Guide

Whats What: Breaking it Down

From your typical curious newbie to the most common cannabis connoisseur, we’ve all come across an endless amount of confusing acronyms and terminologies and thought honestly, what the heck? But your thoughts on this matter are probably more common than you think with everyone using references interchangeably. So here’s a glimpse at the standard ‘whos its’ and ‘whats its’ for those of you curious enough to take a better look. 


In a legal state, this terminology is commonly used to describe cannabis purchased, grown, or consumed for recreational usage by clients over the age of twenty one.


The term used to commonly describe the scent/odor and or taste. From sour to floral, when it comes to cannabis aroma, descriptions are generally offered as a basic guideline to differentiate variants and strains for consumers.

Autoflower Cannabis Seed

Unlike photoperiod strains, once seeded the plant matures quickly as it is independent of light schedules to flower. These plants don’t seek much attention, and are smaller in size.


A water pipe system used to consume cannabis and various herbs or substances. A bong is filled with water which cools the smoke creating a smooth hit for the user. This device is a preferred method of consumption because of its gentle and fast ability to move through the lungs of its inhalant.


A cigar that's been disregarded and replaced with cannabis. It’s typically rolled with an inexpensive tobacco leaf cigar wrapping paper. Not to be confused with a joint.

Broad Spectrum

An extract or concentration from the cannabis plant that contains all the cannabinoids of the flower including but not limited to cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Broad spectrum extracts trigger the benefit of the entourage effect, where all the beneficial compounds of the cannabis plant work together harmoniously. Broad spectrum does not include the THC cannabinoid, making it more appealing to those who do not want THC in their system.


This alternative water pipe system mimics the foundational functionality of a bong, but is typically smaller in size. This option does not come with a removable bowl piece, but instead offers a carb, or a small fixed hole, to clear the smoke.


Referring to the petalless flower of a cannabis plant, also referred to as “nug”, this super fluffy part of the plant possesses the highest concentration of trichomes on the plant. 


Basically the fun name for that friendly face you see when visiting a dispensary. Budtenders don’t just specialize in customer care, they are devoted cannabis experts. From helping clients navigate product complexities, to offering their personal suggestions, they’re here to serve the general public.


Often used as conversation slang, this word typically describes an energy state of intense stimulation or exhilaration.


Referring to a group of chemical compounds uniquely found in the cannabis plant, that’s function is to react and bind with receptors in the human body. These reaction effects are responsible for various effects. The two most recognizable cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), however more than one hundred different types have been discovered in current times. 

Cannabinoid Receptors

The generalized term refers to important forms of receptors found in the endocannabinoid system. These specific types of cannabinoid receptors are commonly referred to as CB1 and CB2 and the two differ in the general concentration in the body. While CB1 receptors commonly emerge in the neocortex, hippocampus, basal ganglia, cerebellum and brainstem, CB2 primarily appears in cells and tissues of the immune system. In relation to regulatory functioning, CB1 is involved in an array of homeostatic processes and CB2 receptors correlate to the control of inflammation and synaptic functions. In relation to cannabis, the CB1 and CB2 receptors binding process interacts according to the structure of the cannabinoids.


Within the family of cannabaceae, cannabis refers to a genus flowering plant that contains three species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. The main types, Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica, are more commonly used for various purposes. Cannabis ruderalis, although infrequently utilized with its smaller size and lower THC content in comparison to its counterparts, has much potential with its notable ability to autoflower giving this particular type of cannabis a unique characteristic. 


The abbreviation for cannabidiol, is one of the better known cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant. When consumed, this compound's interaction with the human body's receptors does not result in a psychedelic reaction. CBD is actually commonly associated with its varying properties, with this the availability of CBD strains and products are quite popular.  


Frequently referred to as extracts, concentrates are a more powerful form of consolidated trichomes. The outcome of this unification is a strengthened product. This array of products are presented in varying constructions from your typical oils to different types of waxes.


This terminology is used to describe the chemical process to activate cannabinoids in a cannabis flower. Initiation of the decarboxylation reaction is dependent on a heat source. Typical forms to decarb cannabis include lighters, vaporizers, and ovens (for baking those delicious CBD infused cookies).


Refer to any consumable food products infused with cannabis extracts. Although typically popular in baked good items they are also commonly enjoyed in alternative forms such as drinks and varying candies.


This abbreviation is commonly used to describe the measurement of one-eighth of an ounce, or three and a half grams, by weight. Our Farmer’s Eighths are made of four full grams of flower, courtesy of the farm and farmer, and at no extra cost.


Refers to the molecules (like the CBD cannabinoid) that bind to cannabinoid receptors within the human body. Endocannabinoids are produced naturally within the human body, too.

Endocannabinoid System (ECS)

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays the role of maintaining homeostasis and synaptic plasticity in the central nervous system (CNS) of all vertebrate species. The ECS is made up of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2), ligands (ions/molecules that bond to another, usually larger, molecule), endocannabinoids, and enzymes that promote the regulation of human functions such as appetite, sleep, memory, mood, and pain sensation. In other terms, the ECS helps human cells stay in the “goldilocks zone” of homeostasis. Scientists are still researching and learning about the ECS and what it provides for the human body.

Entourage Effect

The entourage effect is the theoretical principle which implies that a synergistic relationship between compounds contains the ability to generate uniquely favorable effects. By consuming these cannabis compounds in the same moment rather than individually, this theory suggests the increased potential of altered or enhanced benefits.The integration of these compounds can create properties that would otherwise not be available in a singularly pure

cannabinoid. It simply encourages the use of the plant entirely, instead of isolating its different parts and pieces.


Probably acquainted with this term, the flower is a word to describe the visually appealing part of the plant. Unlike other petals, the cannabis flowers are generally sticky and with fine hairlike strands commonly referred to as crystals. Although the flower on the cannabis plant is not your traditional store bought looking tulip or rose, the functionality is the same in that it's the part used for reproduction. Since only the female cannabis plant can grow flowers, they are typically grown separate from male plants to avoid pollination. Flowers bloomed without seeds are trichome rich, and contain heavy amounts of attractive compounds for consumer usage.


These chemical compounds are found in plants and are responsible for the formation of color. Although pigmentation may not seem crucial, shades and hues provide plants with the ability to attract pollinators as well as protect from pests and potential diseases.

Full Spectrum

Referring to a concentrate or extract from the cannabis plants that contains all the compounds of the flowers including but not limited to cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The full spectrum extracts implies the advantage of the entourage effect, highlighting the benefits of integrating compounds rather than isolating them. It must be noted that full spectrum hemp products contain all cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, including THC.

Feminized Cannabis Seed

This photoperiod form of seed is a human creation, manipulated to produce only female cannabis plants. Feminized seeds are commonly preferred for their attractive element of eliminating the process of sexting out male plants, therefore removing the potential of pollination. This option of seeds contains an optimal result of bud production.


Hash, sometimes referred to as “Hashish”, is a special type of concentrate formed by compressing the rich resin (kief) part of the cannabis plant together to offer absolute potency. In its formation, a process is conducted to separate the trichome glands from all other cannabis flower materials, allowing for a more focused compress. There are many different physical and automatic techniques to conduct this separation. The compact of this focused part of the bud is what differentiates the intensity of hash from other forms of cannabis extracts. Hash is commonly molded into a sticky formation and also pressed into varieties of oils, offering an array or formations for consumer preferences.


An heirloom strain refers to a specific form of cannabis that is removed from its original region and propagated in a new environment. This variety of plant is traditionally pure, with generations of genetic preservation. Avoiding the interruption or manipulation of cross contamination or human interference, the plants remain comparably similar to their lineage.


Refers to a specific type of cannabis known to belong under the cannabis sativa variety. Any cannabis sativa plant containing a percentage of THC under 0.3, is labeled considered hemp under the 2018 Farm Bill. Hemp’s versatile history includes its generational usage for manufacturing textiles, food, and other industrial handling, however it is most commonly grown today for its participation in development of CBD production. Hemp plants come with a high concentration of CBD, however this cannabinoid is not exclusively present in only hemp cannabis plants.


A hybrid plant results from the genetic blend between one or more individual cannabis strains. Although this can happen unintentionally, crossbreeding is generally deliberate. Breeders consciously fabricate a merge to take the singular attractive qualities and produce an optimal product. Hybrid strains are common, as they follow current movements of in demand flavors and preferences. Hybrid also refers to the cross between Indica and Sativa strains, resulting in a combination of both.


Cannabis indica is part of the cannabaceae family fulfilling the role of one of the three types of cannabis. Physically, this variety of plant is shorter in stature and its leaves are larger, rounder shaped, and sticker in comparison to its counterparts. Indica dominant strain flowers are well known to have large quantities of resin, which makes it a popular choice for making hash products.


An isolate is the pure extract of any form of cannabis without any alternative cannabinoids or terpenes present in the concentrate.


A joint is a common method to enjoy consuming cannabis products. Similar to the construct of a cigarette, joints are created through rolling the product using non-tobacco paper. If the assembly seems time consuming or difficult, pre-roll joints are an alternative and easy option for consumers to purchase already made.


Refers to the collection of trichomes separated from the rest of the cannabis bud. Kief is a very potent sticky substance so it's commonly collected and repurposed from the bottom of grinders. It’s also the main ingredient in making hash products.

Kush or “Hindu Kush”

Categorized as a particular type of native cannabis originating from the Hindu Kush mountains stretching from Afghanistan to Pakistan. Since its birth, it has been pivotal in the making of many forms of hybrid strains that have inherited the partial name. Over time the label ‘kush’ has become equivalent to premium cannabis therefore praised by the cannabis community.


People commonly use this word interchangeably referring to cannabis in conversation. However, they don't actually mean the same thing. In technical terms the word Marijuana specifically correlates to any cannabis plant containing a large amount of THC.

Ounce or “O”

In a majority of legal adult-use states, an ounce is the maximum weight of cannabis derived products a consumer can purchase and possess at a time. This terminology is conversationally used to describe the weight of twenty eight grams.

Photoperiod Cannabis Seed

These seeds are commonly recognized as nature's standard or regular variety of seeds that produce both male and female cannabis plants. Unlike the autoflower seed, which flowers automatically, the photoperiod needs transitions in their growth light schedule maintaining a certain exposure to darkness and light.

Quarter or “Q”

An alternative slang term used to describe the weight of cannabis goods. A quarter refers to one-fourth of an ounce, or seven grams. A quarter purchase is typical for consumers looking to familiarize themselves with new and unfamiliar strains.


Refers to a cannabis concentrate that does not contain any form of a solvent. Similar to other varieties of cannabis extracts, the product is essentially produced through the separation of trichomes from the rest of the natural parts of the plant. In the specific case of rosin, this partition is done using a method of placing the pieces between two high heat plates and putting immense pressure. An additional form or rosin, commonly referred to as ‘live rosin’ is made using fresh plant materials instead of dried buds ingredients.


Is essentially a topical product that can be applied to the human skin. It is generally composed of oils, waxes, and herbs. 


Cannabis sativa is one of three cannabis varieties that all fall under the cannabaceae plant family. Physically, this type is tall in stature and contains dainty thinner type leaves. In comparison to other strains, sativa dominant flowers are well known to take a longer time to grow.

Small Batch

Similar to ‘homemade’, this buzzword term is relative to someone's business operations. This description typically depicts smaller amounts of cannabis cultivated with focus and purpose to produce ‘higher grade’ products. The craft of care is desired by many as it maintains the preference of quality over profitability. In most cases for a business to be considered small batch, the process to grow cannabis is capped. However, there is no universal criteria for the label, and peoples opinions and perceptions of small batch cannabis companies vary.


Strains are specific variations of cannabis. They are typically created for certain qualities and characteristics which include but are not limited to physical appearance, aroma, taste, and consumed effects. Off the basis of these distinguishing properties, strains are given custom names to correlate to these attributes.


This terminology refers to the action or placement of a product under the tongue. For consumption of sublingual cannabis, the product is absorbed through the mucous membrane and delivered directly to the bloodstream. This methodology of consuming bypasses the digestive system.


From the nostalgic scent of vanilla to the pungent odor of skunks, terpenes are aromatic and directly responsible for the way that things smell. Cannabis plants typically contain an abundance of these terpene compounds resulting in the herb's obvious and distinctive scent recognized globally. Varying strains of this compound give the plant unique sensational aromas with specific properties. Read more about terpenes on our blog, Terpenes: Why People Should Be Talking About Them More


This abbreviation correlates to the scientific term for tetrahydrocannabinol. Both completely desired and admired, THC is commonly recognized as one of the most favored available cannabinoids in the cannabis plant for its psychoactive effects.


A cannabis product developed to be consumed in the form of a liquid. Commonly dosed with a dropper, a tincture can be digested through a simple swallow, infused into foods or drinks, or be absorbed sublingually.


Referring to a cannabis product created to be absorbed through the skin. Topicals are typically used by consumers in targeted areas to resolve problems.


This term references the fine collections of appendages on the surface of the cannabis bud. Plants produce trichomes for an array of reasons, some for protection from weathered conditions and some to ward off unwanted pests. Trichomes in cannabis plants contain all the important compounds that give the plant its attractive characteristics including cannabinoids and terpenes.


Vaporizers, commonly referred to as a ‘vape’, is any electronic device that utilizes heat to vaporize substances through inhalation. The product is designed to release the active components of the consumers desired cannabis product in a more discrete manner.


A generalized name used to refer to any sticky or wax-like form of cannabis concentrate. The production of wax is not limited to any specific type of extraction, and its consumption is preferred in an array of techniques.


A popular slang term used conversationally to refer to marijuana.


Known as a celebratory date of cannabis, the plant's unofficial holiday. Read more about why this specific date was chosen in our four twenty blog post.


Similar to 420, these numbers represent a celebration for the cannabis culture community except focused on the attractive attributes of dabbing oils. The number creation was inspired by the actual term ‘OIL’ in that when you turn it upside down and backwards, you arrive at the special sequence of ‘710’. Coinciding with the number, the celebratory activities tend to initiate on July 10th at approximately 7:10pm.